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The United States ballast water new rule to draw out equipment problems
[ Edit:admin | datetime:2012-08-09 09:51:59 | Browse:2008 | Source: | author: ]
At present, the United States congress management and budget office is reviewing the USCG (United States coast guard) ballast water rules, this rule is scheduled for release in the first half of this year. Therefore, the owners should actively prepare for war. As is known to all, IMO through's "2004 international ship ballast water and sediment control and management convention (hereinafter referred to as BWM convention) has yet to achieve effective condition, but many countries, including the United States, to protect domestic water environment, through its legislation in early implementation of ship ballast water emissions control. Most countries have adopted a ship ballast water displacement measures, namely, the IMO D1 standards, requirements and enter the port vessel must have a the approved "ballast water management plan". According to the understanding of the United States is main ballast water discharge standards it, except the USCG the first stage of the standard is similar to the standard IMO, others besides standard (New York and California, etc) are better than standard strict IMO, some index to 100 times higher or 1000 times, some even requirements to "a job biology" emissions standards. Once these rules take effect, will be for navigation or into the waters of the ship operating rules to a big impact. Shipping experts point out that, and IMO ballast water compared to the convention, the new rules have obvious difference, the more strict new standards to make the ship operating face great challenges. As for owner, to achieve these strict requirements, will have to spend money on expensive new equipment. Ballast water treatment equipment manufacturers recently held in London in the ballast water technology conference when it lifted said, equipment manufacturers has long according to the provisions of the IMO development and test system those, but they do not ensure the equipment can satisfy any more strict standard (such as the United States standard). The United States and regions such as part of the state of New York has been issued more than expected IMO strict standards, however, to meet their standards are relative lack of technology, lack of testing system to confirm the equipment meets the standards. Despite the current is testing system can achieve this level (no system can achieve this proof standard), but the United States still insist, all into its port or via its waters to meet those conditions ship. If the above situation further development, so the United States might release measures do not accept IMO other member states of the approval certificate of equipment, because each officially used to ship ballast water treatment equipment are determined by the flag state model. According to IMO convention, get a flag state recognition means that all the flag state are recognized. To this, put forward the United States, the United States coast guard should be thoroughly to review these test data, or some other possible tests to ensure that the equipment can meet the standard, and not by other members of the IMO accept equipment certificate type. International maritime technology consultant (IMTC) President Jon Stewart said, this will mean that asked global test equipment will put their equipment test data to the U.S. authorities. If you don't do that, then the device may be refused to approval. Any installation the equipment of ships, even if the equipment manufacturers can prove equipment types satisfy IMO convention standards, so they may be banned in American waters ballast water discharge, prevent ship cargo handling operation. Therefore, the international shipping association (sysu) warned that the us of ballast water rules will give owners bring more cost and pressure. ICS maritime manager David Tongue says, at the present time, the United States has been issuing exemption certificate, but these certificate can only for the third year in a time, three years after all ships must meet the requirements. He thinks that the owner, currently only installed to meet the IMO ballast water standard but may not meet the standard equipment. Although the ballast water new rules are not yet in through the congress, but the bill and IMO convention don't conflict, IMO convention because written into the allowed improve future ballast water discharge standard terms. Doing so may cause is the result of the owner, currently only installation and present requirements matching equipment, and a few years later their ship still could face be fined situation, unless they to install new standard higher equipment. So far, however, meet the standard of new equipment do not yet exist. Wilhelmsen Marine equipment President Peter Stockley think, meet the high standards of the equipment must arise in the future, but it means that it must be to improve existing facilities, due to the need for additional testing, so new equipment on the market may need for a long time. And recently appeared timely and can help owners meet the new standard equipment is unlikely.
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